Op 22 maart heeft ENAR het eerste pan-Europese rapport over afrofobie gepubliceerd. Het rapport roept de Europese Unie en haar lidstaten op om een einde te maken aan de structurele discriminatie van mensen van Afrikaanse afkomst. Daarnaast bevat het rapport specifieke bevindingen over de verschillende Europese landen. In Nederland blijkt dat basisschoolleerlingen van Afrikaanse afkomst ondanks hogere CITO-scores te lage schooladviezen krijgen van hun leraren.
Onderstaande tekst is afkomstig van het ENAR-persbericht.
Widespread racism against Black people in Europe
Brussels, 22 March 2016 – Black people experience widespread racism and discrimination across the EU and in all areas of life, including employment, education, policing and the criminal justice system. This is the conclusion of the European Network Against Racism’s Shadow Report on Afrophobia in Europe, the first pan-European qualitative survey on people of African descent and Black Europeans.
Racist political discourse is predominantly framed in the context of anti-immigration and targets migrants that are both Black and Muslims. As a result Black migrants, refugees, asylum seekers and Black Europeans are reportedly suffering an increase in violent hatred and discrimination across all areas of life.
Discrimination in employment is prevalent and barriers to employment are erected at every stage to prevent black people from gaining employment that matches their skills and experience. Evidence shows that applicants with an African sounding name need to send more job applications to get an interview than those with a White European sounding name. Statistics across EU Member States show that people with an African origin have systematically higher unemployment rates than the national average, which is due in part to racial discrimination. In Finland, unemployment rates are three times higher for people of African origin (41.2%) compared to the national average (8.7%).
Black people are particularly exposed to police violence as well as violence and racial abuse from other members of the public. In Sweden, 17% of hate crime targeted Black people in 2014 (1,075 in total). There is a lack of trust between Black communities and the police which arises from various methods used by the police such as racial profiling and lack of full investigation of racially motivated crimes. Some law enforcement personnel display clearly racist behaviours and the police forces in some Member States are described as institutionally racist.
Black pupils experience racism in schools such as racist bullying and biased teaching materials and practice. Teachers’ influence and racial discrimination of Black pupils can have significant implications on educational attainment and life chances of Black people.
Other examples of discrimination include refusal of health treatment for Black people and prejudice shown by health care staff; significant discrimination in the private rental market; and stereotypical images in the media where Black people are either depicted as criminals and irregular migrants or as performers (singers, dancers or sportsmen).
“There is not a single national or European policy that specifically addresses the racial inequalities and discrimination experienced by Black people”, said ENAR Chair Sarah Isal. “Given the overwhelming evidence, this is shocking. We cannot just ignore the lives of 12 million people in Europe. This is a wake-up call to the EU and its Member States to act to end structural discrimination against Black people. We need an EU Framework for national strategies to combat Afrophobia and promote the inclusion of people of African descent, with clear targets and indicators.”